On Monday, January 30, Dr. Karim Massimov collapsed during the proceedings in the City Court of Astana. He was rushed to the hospital by ambulance and underwent emergency surgery.

Massimov’s health conditions should guarantee him a release on medical grounds, under Kazakhstani law.

Despite multiple international appeals for a humanitarian release and a decision in his favor for his immediate release by the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Massimov’s solitary confinement in prison for over a year has, troublingly but not surprisingly, led to him collapsing and requiring surgery on January 30.

On Monday, February 6, Dr. Massimov was returned to prison, where there is no adequate medical care, while still suffering from a post-surgery infection.